Huang He River Valley or Yellow River valley civilization


Economy-

Agriculture was vitally important to the economy of the Huang He river valley. Rice and silk were their major exports. Rice was domesticated by the people of Huang He, along with wheat and barley. Silk worms were raised and their nests of silk were harvested for the obvious reasons. Their technological advancement also greatly helped their production. The water wheel allowed them to grind their grains faster, and their invention of the 4-pronged hoe helped their ability to farm in the fields, increasing their production rate massively. Even though they were isolated during their early development and could only trade amongst themselves, these gave them huge economic advantages later in their development, allowing them to become incredibly wealthy and technologically advanced.

silkworm-4.jpg
silk worms

Government-

The government of the Huang He varied depending on the dynasty in rule at the time. The first dynasty was the Shang dynasty that ruled under a complex bureaucracy. They had a network of towns with one king. Another one of the dynasties was the Zhou dynasty which lasted around 500 years. It was a military rule that had many provinces. The Qin dynasty came next and had an autocracy which means the emperor had total rule over everything. During the dynasty’s rule, the Great Wall of China was built. The great wall was built because they were under attack from the Mongols and the wall made 1500 miles of protection for the people. After the Qin came the Han and during their rule they invented civil service. It was the first dynasty to have jobs based on talents not status. The Han had a very strong centralized government and had 400 years of peace. The civilizations from the Huang He became modern day China.

Religion/ worship

The Huang He River Valley people worshipped many different gods and nature spirits, and they believed that their main god, Shang Di, and a mother goddess brought plants and animals to Earth. Their religion was based on harmony and balance. Sacrifices of food and other things were often made to the gods, but only royal families were thought to be able to communicate to them. Common people would pray to their ancestors instead.

shang_di.jpg
Shang Di

Language/ Writing-

The language and writing of the Huang He river civilization was very interesting. By 2000 B.C.E. they were writing by using a complex system of picture writing using forms called ideograms. They used woodblock printing during the Tang dynasty and later Bi Sheng advanced to moveable type printing during the Song dynasty. The first book made was "The Book of History" which was about actual Zhou history. The second was "The Book of Change" which was the manual of diviners. The third was "The Book of Rights" which is the rules of etiquette and rituals for the aristocats. The fourth and last was "The Book of Songs" which told about the conditions of the early Zhou.
hung_he.jpg
ideogram form of writing

Technology/ Art-

The technology of the Huang He river civilization was quite advanced for their time; they invented the water wheel which they used to grind their grain, and also invented a four pronged hoe which they used for farming that grain. They made and used paper, but a lot of their art was drawn or painted on wood blocks. The Huang He, along with grain produced very high quality silk cloth. Quite a bit of the art made by them was pottery, and they also worked with bronze and jade, which was usually made into very intricate designs.
huanghewaterwheel.jpg
water wheel

Daily Life/ Social Class-



classes in order-
1. Emperors- ruled.
2. Scholars- able to read and write.
3. Peasants- country depended on them to produce food.
4. Artesian- made important things people needed such as weapons, tools, and cooking utensils.
5. Merchants-traded goods (did not make anything).
Soldiers who made a career in the army did not belong to a class of their own.
daliy life habits
Daily life of the people in the Hung He (yellow) river valley consisted mostly of work and watching people do entertaining things such as juggling, storytelling, gambling, and more street activities. The importance of daily life was there work made things get done and they still were able to stay sane by being occupied by street entertainment.
City layout
The city was laid out in squares and each person’s home was placed in the area where people in their class lived. There cities were surrounded by walls for safety. The emperor’s home (palace) was placed in the center of the city. The poorer people lived farther away from the palace.